Concussions can be minor or can be traumatic injuries to the brain. Concussions occur when there is a blow to the head that causes the brain to move quickly back and forth. The sudden movement results in the brain bouncing against the skull and can damage cells and the structure within. There are many effects that can occur from this injury, and the damage can cause physical and chemical changes in your brain which can affect how it functions.


Short-Term Effects

Minor concussions usually come with short-term effects but should still be taken seriously. Many people can experience headaches, temporary loss of consciousness, fogginess, dizziness, ringing in the ears, nausea, fatigue, blurred vision, and sensitivity to light and sound. Sometimes people who’ve suffered this trauma can experience loss of memory and have trouble remembering the event.


Children often experience minor head trauma when they are learning to walk and are prone to more injuries since their motor skills are not developed yet. It is harder to recognize the effects of a concussion because children may have a more difficult time describing how they feel. You can watch for non-verbal signs of a concussion such as fatigue, irritability, loss of balance, changes in eating or sleeping patterns, or dizziness.


Long-Term Effects

Symptoms of a concussion don’t always develop right after the injury; sometimes it can take hours or days for them to flourish. Symptoms can include trouble concentrating, memory problems, irritability, changes in sleep, sensitivity to light and noise, depression, and disorders of smell and taste.


Long-term effects are not very common. Concussion effects usually are resolved within a few weeks, and only about 20 percent of cases suffer from post-concussion syndrome. The effects do increase along with the number of concussions you sustain. Long-term symptoms are more likely to occur if the original injury hasn’t had enough time to heal before another injury.


There are many ways to reduce the risk of problems, whether they are long-term or short-term. Have a doctor examine your injury and follow the steps provided by them for the best chance of healing. It is best to visit a medical professional within one or two days since the head injury occurred. Especially with children, it is best to get a professional’s viewpoint even if your child doesn’t necessarily need emergency treatment.